How to cite


When writing a paper or thesis, it is important to have a solid understanding of the principles behind citing and recording sources. That means you have to make it clear which ideas are your own and which come from other people. You acknowledge your sources and this safeguards your academic integrity. The Library can offer you support in correctly citing and recording sources.


  • In-text citations including the author’s surname and the year of publication should be shown in brackets wherever another source has contributed to your work
  • A reference list outlining all of the sources directly cited in your work
Bibliography entry Hoffmann, M. (2016) ‘How is information valued? Evidence from framed field experiments’, The Economic Journal, 126(595), pp. 1884–1911. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12401.
In-text citation (Hoffmann, 2016)

Reference managers (Mendeley, Zotero, etc.) are tools that facilitate the management of information in academic and/or professional work. They are used, among other options, for including citations in your text and automatically generating a bibliography.

The library recommends the use of Mendeley and the Harvard referencing style. Harvard is a popular format is typically used in assignments and publications for humanities as well as natural, social and behavioural sciences. This software is a free reference manager that can help you store, organize, note, share and cite references and research data. Check here the Citation Hub from Mendeley and learn how to write references with APA, MLA and Harvard styles.

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